Everything That You Should Know about the Joint Cartilage and Why It Is Important
For the movable parts of the body, there are connective tissues that serve as cushion between the bone and joint. The connective tissue is therefore important in protecting you against from the moving bones which will lead to pain through a stiff. The human body consists of three types of cartilages that include the fibrocartilage, elastic cartilage and the Hyaline cartilage. Arthritis may come about if the joint cartilage is not present and this shows its importance in the body. The official name of the joint cartilage is the articular cartilage because it covers the whole surface where the joint meets with the articular bone. The articular cartilage is simply the cartilage that you’re going to find on the knee joint, that protects the joint from any possible friction between the tibia and femur.
You will find that the cartilage is primarily constituted of type II collagen and chondroitin sulfate. It also has a synovial fluid that makes the movements smoother. Because of the location of the articular cartilage, it is therefore thicker than many other cartilages in the body.
You should bear in mind that one of the most important functions of the articular cartilage is to allow for movements between the bones and the joint. You should also take note of the fact that the joint cartilage will not get healed when it gets damaged because of a disorder or wear and tear. The cartilage does not have any supply of nutrients that can enable it to regrow or regenerate.
If your articular cartilage is damaged, the only way you can rectify it is by considering surgical techniques. There is variation in the restoration procedures that are used and it is through x-rays that the extent of the damage can be explored. Since the surgical restoration of the articular cartilage is a sensitive procedure, it should not be done on every other person. Some of the most common cartilage restoration procedures include microfracture, drilling, abrasion arthroplasty and autologous chondrocyte implantation. For anyone that may have encountered one of the above cartilage restoration procedures, it is advisable to ensure that you protect the area that was operated on because this will ensure that your cartilage heals well. After the cartilage restoration procedure, it is important to go through rehabilitation which will offer you physical therapy to resume your normal life. For more interesting reads about the joint cartilage, visit this site.
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