When we say neurologists, they are medical practitioners who specialize in diagnosing and treating disorders of the nervous system. The nervous system is a region in the body that includes the peripheral nerves, brain, and also, spinal cord, and involves a wide variety of conditions that affect anything, from cognitive skills to motor functioning. If you are wondering how neurologists treat their patients, well, that will start once the patient is referred to them by another doctor, either by a internal medicine physician or a general practitioner. If the patient has been referred to them by another doctor, neurologists will proceed on doing the first step which is to take a complete medical history of the patient, and perform an evaluation of his nervous system. The evaluation conducted by the neurologist will test the following: sensory capabilities, patient’s reflexes, cognitive function, coordination, cranial nerves, gait, and also, motor skills. As for the medical history, neurologists will perform them as a way of knowing if his or her family has any history of neurological conditions or diseases.
Another thing about neurologists that you have to be aware of is the fact that they are treating different medical conditions. When it comes to the conditions being treated by neurologists, they range from the more serious ones like seizures, epilepsy, head trauma, strokes, neuromuscular disorders, dementia, Parkinson’s disease, and multiple sclerosis, to the common ones like infections, sleep disorders, and also, headaches. As for the treatment that they provide, they actually vary depending on the medical condition they are treating. Most of the time, they will refer their patients to different specialists for treatment, prescribe them with medications, or they recommend as well as assist with a surgical procedure. If it happens that the medical condition of the patient greatly affects his or her motor skills, coordination as well as reflexes, neurologists will refer him or her to a physical therapist.
Thee are also times when neurologists are called to do an evaluation about patients who are unresponsive and are on life support. In this situation, what neurologists often do is that they will examine the patient as a way of confirming whether or not his or her brain has ceased functioning.
For those of you out there who are planning on becoming a neurologist, know that this job is not easy as you have to deal with the most sensitive parts of the body. And because of this, neurologists are not only asked to get proper education, but also intensive training as this way, they can guarantee that they can handle these regions of the body in the subtlest and most delicate way possible.